# Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics KTU S3 FM Notes Civil 2019 scheme | CET203

The KTU S3 Civil Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics - (CET203) is a course that covers the principles of fluid mechanics and hydraulics. The course covers topics such as fluid statics, fluid dynamics, Bernoulli's equation, hydraulic grade line, pipe flow, open-channel flow, and boundary layer theory. The course is designed to provide students with a strong understanding of the principles of fluid mechanics and hydraulics FM.

The study of fluid mechanics and hydraulics is essential for students of civil engineering. It is a branch of engineering that deals with the properties of fluids and the force that they exert on solids. The principles of fluid mechanics and hydraulics are used in a variety of engineering applications, such as the analysis of fluid flow, the design of pipes and other hydraulic systems, and the prediction of the effects of fluid flow on structures.

 Board KTU Scheme 2019 New Scheme Year Second Year Semester S3 Subject CET 203 |  Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics Credit 4 Category KTU S3 Civil Engineering

## KTU S3  Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics | CET 203 | Notes (2019 Scheme)

Fluid mechanics FM is the branch of physics that studies fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them. It is one of the oldest and broadest fields of engineering. Hydraulics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies the behavior of fluids under the action of forces.

In this blog post, we will be providing you with all the necessary information on KTU S3 civil fluid mechanics & hydraulics - (cet203), including the course overview, exam pattern, and study materials. So, if you are a civil engineering student who is looking for KTU S3 civil fluid mechanics & hydraulics - (cet203) exam preparation tips, then this blog post is for you!

### Module 1 - Syllabus

Introduction to the subject-Fluid properties (mass density, specific weight, viscosity, specific gravity), Classification of Fluids (prerequisite no questions from this section) Fluid statics-variation of pressure in a fluid, measurement of fluid pressure using piezometers and manometers, U-tube manometers, Forces on immersed plane placed vertical and inclined positions. Hydrostatic force on curved surfaces – Practical application of total pressure on spillway gates.

### Module 2 - Syllabus

Buoyancy and Floatation: Buoyant force, Principle of floatation, stability of floating and submerged bodies, metacentre and metacentric height, analytical and experimental determination of metacentric height Hydrodynamics- Methods of describing fluid motion, Lagrangian and Eulerian methods, velocity and acceleration, types of fluid flow, description of fluid flow- streamline, pathline and streakline; continuity equation in one, two and three dimensions

### Module 3 - Syllabus

Fluid kinetics forces considered in describing fluid motion, Derivation of Bernoulli’s equation by integration of Euler’s equation along a streamline, kinetic energy correction factor, Applications of Bernoulli’s equation- Venturimeter, Pitot tube and Orificemeter; Hydraulic coefficients of orifices and their experimental determination, Discharge through small orifice and large rectangular orifices Pipe flow- computation of major and minor losses in pipes, hydraulic gradient line and total energy line, pipes in series-equivalent pipe, flow through parallel pipes.

### Module 4 - Syllabus

Open channel flow – comparison between pipe flow and open channel flow, velocity distribution in open channels, types of channels, type of flow, geometric elements of channel section, uniform flow computations (Chezy’s equation, Kutter’s and Manning’s formula); Most economical sections – rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal channels, condition for maximum discharge and maximum velocity through circular channels, conveyance and section factor

Flow measurement in channels – notches and weirs – Discharge computations using weirs- velocity of approach and end contraction, discharge equations of rectangular weir, triangular weir, trapezoidal and Cipoletti weir, submerged weir, broad crested weir.

### Module 5 - Syllabus

Specific energy- specific energy diagram and discharge diagram, Critical flow and its computation

Gradually varied flow- Dynamic equation of gradually varied flow-different forms, types and characteristics of water surface profiles in rectangular prismatic channels. Computation of length of water surface profiles by direct step method

Specific force, Rapidly varied flow-Hydraulic jump-conjugate or sequent depths, the expression for sequent depths and energy loss for a hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channels, types uses and characteristics of hydraulic jump

### KTU S3 Civil Related Links

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