SSLC Social Science Solutions Chapter3 Public Administration

SSLC Social Science Solutions Chapter3 Public Administration

Public Administration, Chapter 3 in the Social Sciences For the state board's social science 10th standard curriculum, the chapter notes from Modern India are helpful. The Kerala State Board SSLC curriculum revision notes are available here and include all pertinent subjects, including public administration. 

Additionally, it covers bureaucracy, leadership and management, bureaucratic ethics and values, five-year plans, problems and prospects of public administration in India, as well as the history, principles, and functions of public administration.

Notes in Social Science Download the Public Administration notes for SSLC Chapter 3 in PDF. Public administration has seen a paradigm shift in recent years, going from being a neglected area to one that is on the short list of academic specialties that are most promising and in high demand among students.

 Due to the discipline's expanding prominence, the University Grants Commission (UGC) recently included it as one of the optional disciplines to the University of Calcutta's core philosophy programme. This is the oldest university in India. Experts produce Public Administration as a legitimate source based on practical inputs, ensuring that students receive useful, rapid results.

Board SCERT, Kerala
Text Book SCERT Based
Class SSLC 
Subject Social Science Solution
Chapter Part  I - Chapter 3
Chapter Name Public Administration 
Category Kerala SSLC

Kerala Syllabus SSLC Class 10 Social Science Textbook Solution Chapter 3 Public Administration 

Chapter 3  Public Administration  Textbook Solution

Qn 1.

Explain the need of public administration in a country?

  • Answer)

    Public administration is related to governmental administration. It is the effective way of utilizing men and materials for implementing the existing law policies and developmental projects. Primary Health Centers, Police station Krishi Bhavan, Village office, Corporation office, Election Commission, and other government organisations are all the parts of public administration.

    The responsibilities of these institutions must be strictly executed for the public welfare. There must be an accurate method of public administration for all the sectors of people in our country. The following is a list of a few public administration.

    Centers and their duties are given:
    1. Vanitha Commission: Ensures the rights and welfare of women.

    2. Election Commission: Relates with the election procedures.

    3. Human Rights Commission: Protects the rights of men.

    4. Village office: Ensures the primary needs of people.

    Qn 2.

    How are employees selected in a public administration system?

    • Answer)

      Certain methods are adopted in the selection of employees to the public administrative system in India. The first step is the notification through Public Service Commission of India.Through this, the vacancies in various sections of governments are made known to the public. Later, through the exam conducted on the date notified or on the basis of interviews, candidates are selected and appointed.

      Civil Service began during the British rule. It came to be the Civil Service of India after Independence. All the employees who work under the central and state governments and the employees under public sector undertakings are a part of India’s Civil Service. It is divided into All India Service, Central Service and State Service. The selection procedures of employees to these are given below.

      All India Service:

      • Recruits at national level.
      • Appoints in Central Service or State Service.
        eg: IAS, IPS.

      Central Service:

      •  Recruits at national level.
      •  Appoints in central government department only.
        eg: Indian Foreign Service, Indian Railway Service.

      State Service:

      • Recruits at State level
      • Appoints in state government department
        eg: Sales Tax officer.

      Candidates to All India Services and Central Services are recruited by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The chairman and members of this commission are selected by the President of India. The UPSC has elaborate mechanisms for the selection based on qualifications.

      In the state level, candidates are recruited by the Public Service Commission (PSC) of the state. The governor appoints the Chairman and the member of the State Public Service Commission. UPSC and state PSCs are on the basis of constitutional provisions and can be called constitutional institutions.

    • Qn 3.

      What are the features of bureaucracy ?

      • Answer)

        Hierarchical organisation:
        Bureaucracy is organised in such a way that there is one employee at the top and the number increases, when it reaches the lower levels. This is known as hierarchical organisation.

        Persons appointed will continue in service till the age of retirement.

        Appointment based on qualification:
        Employees are recruited and appointed on the basis of educational qualification.

        Political Neutrality:
        Bureaucrats are liable to implement the policies of which ever party comes to power. Party interests should not reflect in their work.

        Every government employee must be skilled in their work.

        Qn 4.

        Classify the bureaucracy in India and explain ?

        • Answer)

          Kerala Public Service Commission notifies for the recruitment of employees to the government service. Then candidates are selected on the basis of competitive examinations and interviews and are appointed in different government sectors. All those appointed in this way become a part of the civil service of India.

          The aim of it is to bring welfare programmers speedily to all. Now there are specific services at the central and state levels. All the employees who work under public sector undertakings are the part of India’s civil service. There are All India services, central services and state services.

        • Qn 5.

          What are the measures taken for the administrative reforms in India? Prepare a note.

          • Answer)

            Government has taken a number of steps to increase the efficiency of services and to provide service to people within a time limit. This is called as administrative reforms. It makes the administration friendly and effective. Administrative reform commissions are made at national and state levels. Here are some steps taken for the reformation in our country.

            The single window system for Higher Secondary education, online applications for several scholarships etc are example of E-Governance. The use of electronic technology has helped to obtain the services of government effectively in a faster way.

            Right to Information:
            Every citizen has the right to collect the information from any government office about its working. This is under the Right to Information Act in 2005. The efforts of Mazdoor Kiran Shakthi Samghathan of Rajasthan led to this Act. The interventions of several organisations and social activities helped in passing this Act in 2005. The Right to Information ensures the right of all citizens of India to receive information.

            Information Commission:
            Files documents, circulars, memos, advice or orders, agreements statistics, reports, log books, press notes, samples, models, information in the form of electronic data, e-mail etc. related to government offices belong to public departments. Information commission helps to know everything.To perform the functions under the Right to information Act, Information Commissions are constituted at National and state levels.

            A chief Information Commissioner and members not more than ten are in the Information Commission. If the information given is wrong and unsatisfactory we have the right to approach the Information Commission. If the commission is convinced a fine of Rs. 250 can be imposed on the employee.

            Right to Service:
            This ensures service to the people. This law determines the time limit for every service given by a government office. If the deserved service is not given within the time limit the responsible employee should pay fine. As per the Right to Service, an officer is appointed to give proper guidance and help to the applicants.

            Lokpal and Lokayuktha:
            These are the institutions to prevent corruption at administrative, bureaucratic and political levels. Lokpal has the power to register cases on issues of corruption against public workers and then suggest necessary actions. Lokayuktha hears the corruption cases at the state level. Both follow judicial procedures.

            Central Vigilance Commission:
            This is constituted at the national level to prevent corruption. It came into force in 1964. It was formed to prevent corruption at central government offices.

            Complaints of corruption against the elected representatives and bureaucrats who are a part of public administration are filed to ombudsman. A retired Judge of the High Court is appointed as Ombudsman. People can directly approach the Ombudsman with complaints.

            He has the power to summon anyone on receiving the complaints, can order inquiry and recommend actions. Ombudsman began in the banking sector to hear the complaints of clients and rectify them.These actions recommended for the welfare of people as a part of administration maintains the public administration more transparent.

            Qn 6.

            How is E-Governance helpful to the public?

            • Answer)
              • Need not wait in the government offices for services.
              • Can receive service with the help of information technology.
              • It services offers fast and at less expense.
              • Enhances efficiency of offices and quality of the service.
              Qn 7.

              Right to Information and Right to Service help to make public administration popular. Substantiate this statement.

              • Answer)

                We can collect information from any government office about its working. People got this opportunity under the right to information act, 2005. This ensures the right of all citizens of India to receive information. The main objectives of this act are to prevent corruption, create responsibility and make the functioning of government transparent.

                The citizens will get copies of public documents if they apply for them. Right to Service act is a law which ensures services to the public. As per the Right to Service Act, an officer is appointed in every government office to give guidance and proper help to the applicants. That is Right to Information and Right to Service helps to make public administration popular.

                Qn 8.

                List out the steps taken to prevent corruption in India.

                • Answer)

                  1. Lokpal and Lokayuktha
                  2. Central vigilance commission
                  3. Ombudsman.

SSLC Social Science Textbook Solution

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