Engineering Chemistry (CYT100) introduces students to the knowledge of chemical concepts for engineering applications, introduce KTU students to various application centre topics such as spectroscopy, Electrochemistry, Instrumentation techniques, and introduce them to topics such as corrosion mechanisms, corrosion prevention techniques, SEM, stereochemistry Get it done polymers, desalination, etc., which help to develop skills and competencies related to chemical research and practice.

Board KTU
Scheme 2019 New Scheme
Year First Year
Semester S1 & S2
Credit 4 Credit
Category KTU S1 & S2

KTU S1/S2 Engineering Chemistry | CYT 100 | Notes (2019 Scheme)

We avail you of the best notes available for Engineering chemistry CYT 100 the basic concepts of Electrochemistry and corrosion to explore its potential applications in various engineering fields. Understand various spectral techniques like UV-Visible, IR, and NMR and their applications. Apply the knowledge of analytical methods to the properties of a chemical compound or compound. Understand the basic concept of SEM for surface characterization of nanomaterials. Learn the basics of stereochemistry and its applications. Use knowledge of polymer making and advanced polymer engineering. Study a variety of water purification methods to develop wastewater treatment skills.

Module 1

Module 1 - Syllabus

Electrochemistry and Corrosion

Introduction - Differences between electrolytic and electrochemical cells - Daniel cell - redox reactions - cell representation. Different types of electrodes (brief) - Reference electrodes - SHE - Calomel electrode - Glass Electrode - Construction and Working. Single electrode potential - definition - Helmholtz electrical double layer -Determination of E 0 using calomel electrode.Determination of pH using a glass electrode.Electrochemical series and its applications. Free energy and EMF - Nernst Equation - Derivation - single electrode and cell (Numericals) -Application - Variation of emf with temperature. Potentiometric titration - Introduction -Redox titration only.Lithium-ion cell - construction and working.Conductivity- Measurement of conductivity of a solution (Numericals). 

Corrosion-Electrochemicalcorrosion – mechanism. Galvanic series- cathodic protection - electroless plating –Copper and Nickel plating.

Module 1 - Notes

Module 1 Engineering chemistry | CYT 100 PDF Notes


Module 2

Module 2 - Syllabus

Spectroscopic Techniques and Applications

Introduction- Types of the spectrum - electromagnetic spectrum - molecular energy levels - Beer Lambert’s law (Numericals). UV-Visible Spectroscopy – Principle - Types of electronic transition Energy level diagram of ethane, butadiene, benzene and hexatriene. Instrumentation of UV-Visible spectrometer and applications.IR-Spectroscopy – Principle - Number of vibrational modes - Vibrational energy states of a diatomic molecule and -Determination of force constant of diatomic 1 molecule (Numericals) –Applications. H NMR spectroscopy – Principle - Relation between field strength and frequency - chemical shift - spin-spin splitting (spectral problems ) - coupling constant (definition) - applications of NMR- including MRI (brief).

Module 2 - Notes

Module 2 Engineering chemistry | CYT 100 PDF Notes


Module 3

Module 3 - Syllabus

Instrumental Methods and Nanomaterials

Thermal analysis –TGA- Principle, instrumentation (block diagram) and applications – TGA of CaC 2 O 4 . H 2 O and polymers. DTA-Principle, instrumentation (block diagram) and applications - DTA of CaC 2 O 4 . H 2 O. Chromatographic methods - Basic principles and applications of column and TLC- Retention factor. GC and HPLC-Principle, instrumentation (block diagram) - retention time and applications. Nanomaterials - Definition - Classification - Chemical methods of preparation - Hydrolysis and Reduction - Applications of nanomaterials - Surface characterisation -SEM – Principle and instrumentation (block diagram).

Module 3 - Notes

Module 3 Engineering chemistry | CYT 100 PDF Notes


Module 4

Module 4 - Syllabus

Stereochemistry and Polymer Chemistry

Isomerism-Structural, chain, position, functional, tautomerism and matamerism - Definition with examples - Representation of 3D structures-Newman, Sawhorse, Wedge and Fischer projection of substituted methane and ethane. Stereoisomerism - Geometrical isomerism in double bonds and cycloalkanes (cis-trans and E-Z notations). R-S Notation – Rules and examples - Optical isomerism, Chirality, Enantiomers and Diastereoisomers-Definition with examples.Conformational analysis of ethane, butane, cyclohexane, mono and di methyl substituted cyclohexane.

Copolymers - Definition - Types - Random, Alternating, Block and Graft copolymers - ABS - preparation, properties and applications.Kevlar-preparation, properties and applications.Conducting polymers - Doping -Polyaniline and Polypyrrole - preparation properties and applications. OLED - Principle, construction and advantages.

Module 4 - Notes

Module 4 Engineering chemistry | CYT 100 PDF Notes


Module 5

Module 5 - Syllabus

Water Chemistry and Sewage Water Treatment

Water characteristics - Hardness - Types of hardness- Temporary and Permanent - Disadvantages of hard water -Units of hardness- ppm and mg/L -Degree of hardness (Numericals) - Estimationhardness-EDTA method (Numericals). Water softening methods-Ion exchange process-Principle procedure and advantages. Reverse osmosis – principle, process and advantages. Municipal waste treatment (brief) - Disinfection methods - chlorination, ozone and UV irradiation. 

Dissolved oxygen (DO) -Estimation (only brief procedure-Winkler’s method), BOD and COD- definition, estimation (only brief procedure) and significance (Numericals). Sewage water treatment - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary - Flow diagram -Trickling filter and UASB process.

Module 5 - Notes

Module 5 Engineering chemistry | CYT 100 PDF Notes


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