# KTU Engineering Physics A Notes 2019 New scheme | PH100

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 Board KTU Scheme 2019 New Scheme Year First Year Semester S1 & S2 Subject PH 100 | Engineering Physics-A Notes Credit 4 Credit Category KTU S1 & S2

## KTU S1/S2 Engineering Physics A | PH100 | Notes (2019 Scheme)

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### Module 1 - Syllabus

##### Oscillations and Waves

Harmonic oscillations, Damped harmonic motion-Derivation of differential equation and its solution, Over damped, Critically damped and Under damped Cases, Quality factor-Expression, Forced oscillations-Differential Equation-Derivation of expressions for amplitude and phase of forced oscillations, Amplitude Resonance-Expression for Resonant frequency, Quality factor and Sharpness of Resonance, Electrical analogy of mechanical oscillators

Wave motion- Derivation of the one-dimensional wave equation and its solution, Three-dimensional wave equation and its solution (no derivation), Distinction between transverse and longitudinal waves, Transverse vibration in a stretched string, Statement of laws of vibration

### Module 2 - Syllabus

##### Wave Optics

Interference of light-Principle of superposition of waves, Theory of thin films - Cosine law (Reflected system), Derivation of the conditions of constructive and destructive interference, Interference due to wedge-shaped films -Determination of thickness and test for optical planeness, Newton’s rings - Measurement of wavelength and refractive index, Antireflection coatings

Diffraction of light, Fresnel and Fraunhofer classes of diffraction, Diffraction grating-Grating equation, Rayleigh criterion for the limit of resolution, Resolving and Dispersive power of a grating with expression (no derivation)

### Module 3 - Syllabus

##### Quantum Mechanics & Nanotechnology

Introduction for the need of Quantum mechanics, Wave nature of Particles, Uncertainty principle, Applications-Absence of electrons inside a nucleus and Natural line broadening mechanism, Formulation of time-dependent and independent Schrodinger wave equations-Physical meaning of wave function, particle in a one-dimensional box- Derivation for the normalised wave function and energy eigenvalues, Quantum Mechanical Tunnelling (Qualitative)

Introduction to nanoscience and technology, Increase in surface to volume ratio for nanomaterials, Quantum confinement in one dimension, two dimension and three dimension-Nano sheets, Nanowires and Quantum dots, Properties of nanomaterials-mechanical, electrical and optical, Applications of nanotechnology (qualitative ideas)

### Module 4 - Syllabus

##### Magnetism & Electro-Magnetic Theory

Magnetic field and Magnetic flux density, Gauss’s law for Magnetic flux density, Ampere’s Circuital law, Faraday’s law in terms of EMF produced by changing magnetic flux, Magnetic permeability and susceptibility, Classification of magnetic materials-para, dia and ferromagnetic materials

Fundamentals of vector calculus, the concept of divergence, gradient and curl along with physical significance, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Gauss divergence theorem & Stokes’ theorem, Equation of continuity, Derivation of Maxwell’s equations in vacuum, Comparison of displacement current with conduction current. Electromagnetic waves, Velocity of Electromagnetic waves in free space, Flow of energy and Poynting’s vector (no derivation)

### Module 5 - Syllabus

##### Superconductivity & Photonics

Superconducting phenomena, Meissner effect and perfect diamagnetism, Types of superconductors- Type I and Type II, BCS Theory (Qualitative), High-temperature superconductors-Applications of superconductivity

Introduction to photonics-Photonic devices-Light Emitting Diode, Photodetectors -Junction and PIN photodiodes, Solar cells-I-V Characteristics, Optic fibre-Principle of propagation of light, Types of the fibres-Step index and Graded index fibres, Numerical aperture –Derivation, Fibre optic communication system (block diagram), Industrial, Medical and Technological applications of optical fibre, Fibre optic sensors-Intensity Modulated and Phase modulated sensors.

### Module 5 - Notes

#### Engineering Physics A | PH 100 PROBLEMS

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